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2022考研英语一真题及答案解析(完整版)及文章翻译,2022考研英语试题_解析_答案_下载

2022年研究生考试英语一科目已经结束,下面小编整理了2022年研究生考试英语一科目真题及答案,供各位考生参考!

第一节英语的使用

1、A

2、碳

三维

4、碳

5、D

6、乙

7、碳

8、乙

9、A

10、D

11、C

12、D

13、A

14、C

15、乙

16、D

17、A

18、A

19、D

20、乙

第二节阅读理解

第一部分

正文一

21 .维护他们的塑料物品

22.固有的缺陷

保护他们免受进一步的伤害

富有挑战性

具有深远的历史意义

文本2

重新评估大学教育的必要性

27.大学教育价值的缩水

雇主们对学位持现实的看法

在某一特定领域继续他们的研究

终身学习将定义它们

文本3

获得好评

艺术使观众容易接触科学

他们的作用可能被低估了

它体现了有价值的艺术科学联盟

应该做的不仅仅是传播科学

文本四

保护普通工人的权利

阻碍商业发展

解雇表现不佳的经理

雇主们遭受减薪之苦

难以付诸实施

第二部分无

第三部分

46.这也是,这是不为人知的,甚至许多人都很好地阅读了关于这个时期,一场战斗之间的那些谁制定了代码和谁打破了它们。

这也是一场密码的制定者和破解者之间的战争,甚至许多对这一时期有深入了解的人都不知道这一点。

47.它用代码列出了许多从西班牙法军手中缴获的文件,这些文件的秘密已经被英国总部的军官乔治斯科维尔揭露了。

它列出了许多从西班牙的法国军队中缴获的密码文件,这些文件的秘密被一个叫乔治-斯科

威尔的英国总部官员的工作所揭示。

他无法仔细分析这位默默无闻的官员对那场国家间的伟大斗争可能有什么贡献,也无法确切地告诉我们关于他本人的任何事情。他无法仔细分析这位默默无闻的军官是否可能对那场国家间的伟大斗争做出什么贡献,也无法告诉我们关于他本人的任何情况。

49.拿破仑战争期间可能有许多间谍和情报官员,但通常极难找到这些材料

they actually provided or worked on

拿破仑战争期间可能有许多间谍和情报人员,但通常很难找到他们实际提供的或处理的材料。

50.Just as the code breaking has its wider relevance in the struggle for Spain.so his attempts to make his way up the promotion ladder speak volumes about British society.

正如破译密码在争夺西班牙的斗争中具有更广泛的意义一样,他试图晋升的努力也在英国社会中有重大意义。

Section III Writing

Part A

51. Directions:

Write a email to a professor at a British university,inviting him/her to organize a team for the international innovation to be held at your university. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use"Li Ming"instead. Do not write the address. (10 points)

【高分范文】Dear Sir or Madam,

As an orgaizer of the international innovation, I am writing this letter to invite you to organize a team here.

First and foremost, the international innovation will be held in the Auditorium on campus on Dec.25th,2021 at 9: 00 am. Secondly, as the key member of the team, we hope you could do the following things: scoring the potential participants, making comments for them, and giving them advanced advice. What's more, due to the pandemic, a nucleic acid test ought to be carried out. Members of the Students' Union will be there to provide you necessary guidance.

I would appreciate if you could take my invitation into account. Thank you for your time and attention. Best regards!Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

Part B 52.Directions:

Write an essay of 160—200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay,you should

1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) explain its intended meaning, and 3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHIEET. (20 points)

【图片描述】

两个学生站在一张校园讲座的海报前,其中一个说,不是我们专业的,听了也没多大用。另一个说,听了或许也有用。【段落字数】57+108+33=198字

【高分范文】

Clearly, the picture above shows students'different attitudes towards campus lectures. As is vividly shown in the picture, the girl on the left complains,"We will not benefit much from the lecture, because it's not related to our major."However, the girl on the right says,"We will learn something useful as long as we attend it."

Apparently, the picture tells us that college students shouldn't only focus on their own majors, and the reasons are as follows. On the one hand, students with comprehensive knowledge and skills are more preferred in the job market. That is to say, compared with those who only master the knowledge in their specific field, those who are fully developed have more job opportunities and greater career potential. On the other hand, if they only pay attention to their own subjects and neglect the knowledge of other fields, it is hard for them to apply all sorts of knowledge to their future life and work in a comprehensive way.

Therefore,it is necessary for college students to achieve comprehensive development by acquiring various kinds of knowledge and skills. Only in this way can they make greater progress and have a brighter future.

【范文译文】

显然,上图显示了学生对校园讲座的不同态度。如图所示,左边的女孩抱怨道;"不是我们专业的,听了也没多大用。然而,右边的女孩说∶"去听听肯定有好处。"

显然,漫画的目的是告诉我们,大学生不应该只关注自己的专业,原因如下。一方面,拥有综合知识和技能的学生在就业市场上更受欢迎。也就是说,与只掌握自己特定领域知识的学生相比,全面发展的学生有更多的工作机会和更大的职业潜力。另一方面,如果学生只关注白己的学科,而忽初视其他领域的知识,他们很难将各种知识全电地应用到未来的牛活和工作中。

因此,大学生有必要通过获取各种知识和技能来实现全面发展。只有这样,他们才能取得更大的进步、拥有更光明的未来。

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